Dental Hygienist Brooklyn
Proper oral hygiene is essential as we age. A Full Dental Cleaning involves variations of established oral hygiene and health procedures that encourage and promote future oral health. People over the age of 35 lose more teeth because of gum disease. Periodontal, or gum disease is actually a broad term that encompasses several different conditions of the gums, including gingivitis and periodontal disease. Three-quarters of all adults are affected by gum disease at some point in their life time. The best way to prevent gum disease and cavities is through a thorough daily dose of brushing and flossing. In most instances, removal of plague and unwanted calculus can be removed in one painless visit to your dentist. It is recommended by the American Dental Association to have this done at least twice a year to keep your gums and teeth healthy and clean.
Most cases of periodontal disease develop because of bacterial plaque build up on your teeth. Dental plaque is a sticky, colorless film that stimulates a response and causes the body to attack itself. When it is not removed, the plaque will harden and cause the tartar to develop on your teeth, which cannot be removed through brushing at home. The tissues and bone that support the teeth are gradually destroyed by the plaque. You can reduce your risk of developing gum disease by practicing good oral hygiene on a daily basis. This includes carefully brushing your teeth at least twice a day and flossing at least once a day. It is important for patients to practice proper dental hygiene to keep their teeth happy and healthy as they get older.
Scaling and Root Planning
Plaque is removed through a deep-cleaning method called scaling and root planning, with the use of local anesthesia to numb the patient of any pain the procedure may cause. The Scaling procedure consists of scraping off the tartar from above and below the gum line. Root planning gets rid of rough spots on the tooth root where the germs gather, and helps remove bacteria that contribute to the disease.
Medications can be used with treatment that includes scaling and root planning, but they cannot always take the place of surgery. Depending on the severity of gum disease, we may still suggest surgical treatment. Schedule an appointment with Dr. Langer and staff, and we will evaluate exactly what type of cleaning procedure is required specifically for you.
The Correct Way to Brush Your Teeth
Start off by brushing the outer surfaces of your teeth using circular strokes that cover two to three teeth at a time, this will ensure proper etiquette. Position the toothbrush usually at a forty five degree angle to your gum line. Making sure you use a brush with soft bristles, gently apply pressure when brushing along your teeth and gum line. Use this technique to make your way around your mouth, cleaning the outer surfaces to ensure all parts of your teeth and gums are cleaned. To effectively clean the front teeth, place the brush in a vertical angle and use short up and down strokes.
The molars are the big boys of the bunch who handle most if not all of your chewing habits. Apply gentle pressure to them and move the toothbrush back and forth, focusing on two to three teeth at a time. Reposition the brush frequently to ensure all surfaces are being reached. Take your time, working slowly and methodically around your mouth and watch yourself in the mirror to make sure you don’t miss any portion of a tooth. When your brushing is complete, rinse your mouth well to remove any food particles or plaque that might have been loosened. Brushing will cause many particles to become loose that before we hard to get out. Make sure you rinse well to discard any hidden particles that are now loose.
If you experience pain during brushing or have questions about proper brushing technique, please don’t hesitate to call Dr. Langer’s office at 718-339-6544.
Flossing Your Teeth Properly
Gum disease often begins with inflamed gums caused by a buildup of bacteria between the teeth and gums. Flossing is one of the most effective methods for removing plaque from the hard to reach surfaces between the teeth and near the gum line. As with brushing, using proper technique is important. Floss thoroughly and completely every day at least once a day to maintain your oral health and good oral hygiene.
Use approximately 18 inches of floss and wrap it lightly around the middle fingers of both of your hands. Hold the floss between your first finger and thumb to maximize your control while flossing.
Place the floss between the teeth using a gentle back-and-forth motion. Do not snap or place pressure on the floss as too much pressure on your gums can cause your delicate gum tissue to bleed. Slide the floss up and down the tooth while paying attention to not miss below the gum line. Lift the floss above the gums and contour it around the edge of the next tooth, repeating the process from tooth to tooth. Each time you pull the floss out from between two teeth, unravel a new fresh section of floss before moving on to the next tooth. Make sure to include the rear of the last tooth on both your upper and lower extremities.
After the flossing procedure is complete, rinse your mouth with water to rid yourself of any plaque and food particles that were dislodged. Sometimes, when beginning a flossing routine, the gums may bleed or feel a bit sore. As you continue flossing daily, your gums will become less sensitive and the bleeding should stop. If your gums are painful when you floss, you might be applying too much pressure or pinching the gums. If you find the pain is unbearable while flossing you may have a bigger problem on your hands. Calculus on your teeth and gum line may be to blame and you should make an appointment with your Dentist to have them checked immediately to avoid any further issues.
Choosing The Correct Oral Hygiene Products
The products that you choose for your dental hygiene can also play a role in keeping your teeth happy and healthy. Electronic toothbrushes are among the safest and most effective types of toothbrush for most patients whereas oral irrigators that spray water in your mouth will help you rinse thoroughly, but do not remove plaque that is stuck to the teeth. An oral irrigator is just one step in your oral routine along with your daily brushing and flossing to keep good hygiene. Consult with your dentist about proper use of these instruments since you can injure your gums and teeth if they are not used correctly.
Products that contain Fluoride can significantly reduce the risk of tooth decay in teens and adults, but should not be used on infants. Approved by the American Dental Association, anti-plaque rinses contain elements that may fight early stages of gum disease. Use these as part of your daily routine with brushing and flossing to ensure you mouth stays happy and your smile stays healthy.
Get a Professional Dental Cleaning
Seeing your dentist for a professional cleaning on a regular basis at least twice a year is essential to maintaining good overall dental health, your dentist can remove plaque and other bacteria that have built up on your teeth over time. Your dentist will recommend other prevention techniques help maintain your health and prevent dental diseases.
Nutrition and Your Oral Health
Watching what you eat plays an important role in your dental health. The daily brushing and flossing of your teeth and gums help keep them clean, but good nutrition is necessary to help boost your immune system to help fight diseases that may occur in your mouth. When your immune system is strong, you are less vulnerable to developing oral disease.
Carbohydrates, sugars and starchy foods such as cake, candy, bread or pretzels can cause the bacteria in your mouth to produce acids, which then attack the teeth which can cause tooth decay and other dental issues. Indulgent on snacks are best provided at the end of a meal, when increased quantities of saliva can wash away their residue.
Snacking between meals without brushing afterward gives bacteria a perpetual source of fuel to feed on. This leads to the development of plaque and eventually tooth decay and cavities. Making sure you visit your dentist at least twice a year for an annual checkup and cleansing will ensure good oral hygiene. Making sure you properly brush and floss on a daily basis will ensure your mouth, teeth, and gums will remain happy and your smile healthy for a long time.