For patients missing some or all of their teeth, dentures are one of the best options to improve their smile. If you have severe tooth loss, dentures could be the right choice for you. And you’re not alone—approximately 25 percent of adults over 74 have lost all of their teeth. This can be a real burden. Missing teeth can give your mouth a collapsed, sunken appearance. However, Dr. Langer, DDS, a leading general dentist in Brooklyn, can drastically improve this situation by fitting you with dentures.
So what are they? Dentures are rows of prosthetic teeth made to replace missing teeth on the top or bottom jaw. They are made of acylic, or plastic teeth. They are removable, and need to cleaned just like your own teeth.
Types of Dentures
There are three different types of dentures available: full dentures, removable overdentures dentures, and partial dentures.
Complete dentures can replace and entire row of missing teeth, making them an ideal choice for patients missing all of their teeth. Patients missing only some of their teeth can opt for a partial denture, which only replaces a few teeth in succession. They are also more commonly known as dental bridges. Partial dentures must be installed precisely, especially when being placed next to healthy neighboring teeth. However, there are also removable. These differ from fixed bridges because they are only used on patients that don't have enough natural teeth to support the fixed apparatus. However, those patients also don’t have enough missing teeth to warrant full dentures.
Overdentures are also another option for some patients. For patients with many missing teeth, Dr. Langer, DDS might suggest this type of dentures. Overdentures are supported by implanted posts in the jaw. This helps to stabilize the dentures when eating or speaking.
One of the main issues patients have with dentures is the fact that they tend to move out of place throughout the day. However, there are three principles that can rectify the quality of the dentures and how well they stay in place:
- Support - When you are chewing food, dentures have a tendency to clasp tighter around the gums of your mouth. Dentures with a large amount of support are less likely to move closer together vertically to the arch that they were originally adhered to.
- Stability - Horizontal movement of the dentures could be quite hazardous to patients. Most patients commonly refer to this phenomenon as “slipping and sliding.” This means that the dentures are slipping side-to-side or front to back. The quality of the denture is what keeps it from moving throughout the day. It’s important that the dentures have good contact with your edentulous crest. However, a lot of this also depends on the oral anatomy of the patient.
- Retention - This principle describes how dentures move vertically away from the gums and into the lumen portion of the mouth. It is imperative that the denture artisanship is at a high level. When developed properly after studying the oral topography, dentures are able to form an effective seal in the mouth.
The most important part about dentures is the way they are created. Good quality dentures can mean a huge difference in terms of comfort. Maxillary dentures have an increased degree of suction due to the adhesion to the palate (roof of the mouth. this creates a seal and makes upper dentures very rententive when made properly. Mandibular dentures are do not have any type of seal, and may require an adhesive to help keep them in place.
Regardless of your denture needs, Dr. Langer, DDS in Brooklyn can help you determine the best option for you after carefully studying your case. While it may seem like a lot of information, Dr. Langer is committed to helping patients understand the processes. His main priorities are your oral health and happiness. Contact the office today and let Dr. Langer help reinvent your smile.